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d'Artagnan and the three musketeers : the real history of the hero

He is perhaps one of the most famous Frenchmen in the world and yet we know so little about him. What we know for sure is that d'Artagnan really existed even if he didn't live as told by Alexandre Dumas in "The Three Musketeers"...

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Born between 1611 and 1615


Charles de Batz de Castelmore d'Artagnan. More than 40 films, series and cartoons make him live incredible adventures. Universal, he is known throughout the world and yet... We know very little about this man. We don't even know what he looked like since we only have an engraving made after his death and we are not sure of its authenticity. 

He appears several times in the history of France 


D'Artagnan drawn by the engraver Nicolas Cochin in 1661.

He was a Gascon, noble but not rich, a musketeer that's for sure and totally committed to his king. D'Artagnan made several appearances in history, as Louis XIV's bodyguard on his way to his wedding, and as the man who arrested Nicolas Fouquet, Louis XIV's superintendent of finance accused of overshadowing the king with his wealth. 

Died for Louis XIV, he was imagined by Alexandre Dumas almost 2 centuries later. 


d'Artagnan seen by Eugène Damblans in 1896

D'Artagnan died fighting for the Sun King at the battle of Maastricht on June 25, 1673. Based on the few writings left by the musketeer, and on more or less true testimonies, Alexandre Dumas père imagined in 1844 the famous d'Artagnan, a young cadet from Gascony in love with Constance Bonacieux and accomplishing exploits alongside three musketeers who were called ? That's it! Athos Porthos and Aramis. "One for all! and all for one!" said their quote. D'Artagnan, real or fictionalized, is the symbol of the man who has only one word and who is always faithful to it even if it means taking all the risks. An ideal. 

The Three Musketeers by Jules Huyot after Maurice Leloir

Jérôme Prod'homme

Jérôme Prod'homme

Jérôme is "monsieur de France" the author of this site. 

Jérôme Prod'homme

Jérôme Prod'homme

Jérôme is "monsieur de France" the author of this site.